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Quiz By : joeiacovino

Biology II - Exam 1:P2

1.  Microevolution & Macroevolution are what kind of terms?
 Arbitrary
 Arbitrary
 Arbitrary
 Arbitrary
 Yes, All of the above

2.  Evolution within a population or species; occurs on a generational timescale.
 Microevolution
 Macroevolution
 Natural Selection
 Reduced Species

3.  Evolution across species; occurs on a geological timescale.
 Microevolution
 Macroevolution
 Natural Selection
 Reduced Species

4.  The study of biological diversity and its origins/ history.
 Phylogeny
 Synapomorphy
 Systematics
 Plesiomorphy

5.  Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
 Binomial Classification
 Linnaean Heirarchal Classification
 Cladistics
 Systematics

6.  Official species name comprised of the Genus & Species.
 Binomial
 Homology
 Systematics
 Morphology

7.  These ingredients create _________. a)New Breeding Population, b)Reduced Gene Flow, c)Time
 Gradualism
 Punctuated Equilibrium
 Isolation
 Biodiversity

8.  Pre-zygotic barrier(s) to reproduction is/ are:
 Habitat Isolation
 Temporal Isolation
 Behavioral Isolation
 All of the Above
 None of the Above

9.  A Postmating pre-zygotic barrier is:
 Habitat Isolation
 Temporal Isolation
 Mechanical Isolation
 Reduced Hybrid Viability

10.  Gametic Isolation is a
 Premating Barrier
 Postmating Barrier
 Post-Zygotic Barrier
 Impossible

11.  Geographic separation restricts gene flow.
 Allopatric Speciation
 Sympatric Speciation
 Gradualism
 Plesiomorphy

12.  Biological factors reduce gene flow.
 Allopatric Speciation
 Sympatric Speciation
 Behavioral Isolation
 Gradualism

13.  The pattern of lineage branching that represents the evolutionary history of different organisms. Akin to a family tree.
 Morphology
 Molecular Clock
 Cladogram
 Phylogeny

14.  Shared derived character.
 Plesiomorphy
 Autopomorphy
 Synapomorphy
 Outgroup

15.  Reduced hybrid viability, reduced hybrid fertility (F1), hybrid breakdown (F2):
 Premating Barrier
 Prezygotic Barrier
 Postmating Barrier
 Post-zygotic Barrier

16.  Species are groups of actually or potentially interbreeding natural populations that are reproductively isolated from other such groups.
 Biological Species Concept
 Punctuated Equilibrium
 Population
 Biodiversity

17.  Asexual organisms, fossils, & Organisms that we know little of their reproduction doesn't allow the following to be applied:
 Biological Species Concept
 Adaptive Radiation
 Natural Selection
 Biodiversity

18.  Does not create biodiversity.
 Anagenesis
 Cladogenesis
 Gradualism
 Plesiomorphy

19.  Does create biodiversity.
 Anagenesis
 Cladogenesis
 Gene Flow
 Extinstion

20.  Gradual transition from one species to another.
 Anagenesis
 Cladogenesis
 Natural Selection
 Biodiversity

21.  Branching of one or more new species from a parent species.
 Anagenesis
 Cladogenesis
 Systematics
 Reduced Species

22.  Speciation occurs gradually over time.
 Allopatric Speciation
 Sympatric Speciation
 Punctuated Equilibrium
 Gradualism

23.  The following terms relate to ________. Root, Branch, Node, Terminal Node, Common Ancestor, Extant Species
 Allopatric Speciation
 Sympatric Speciation
 Phylogeny
 Synapomorphy

24.  Shared derived characteristic.
 Phylogeny
 Synapomorphy
 Natural Selection
 Gradualism

25.  The most accurate rock for radiometric dating is:
 Igneous
 Sedimentary
 Metamorphic
 Hard

26.  Rocks that give relative age through radiometric dating (older than/ younger than):
 Igneous
 Sedimentary
 Metamorphic
 Hard

27.  Phylogenies are __________.
 Laws
 Theories
 Hypotheses
 All of the Above

28.  Fossils from organisms that had a brief existence in geologic time and a wide geographic distribution.
 Radiometric Fossils
 Index Fossils
 Morphologic Fossils
 Extant Fossils

29.  Synapomorphies can be obtained from the following types of data:
 Fossil Record
 Morphology
 Molecular
 Behavior
 Ecological
 All of the Above

30.  The Earth flips magnetic poles every 500,000 years.
 True
 False

31.  Why are there fossil gaps?
 Wrong Environment
 Soft Bodies
 Local Fossilization
 Fossils Lost
 All of the above
 None of the above

32.  Suggests that gaps in fossil record are not actually gaps but illustrate a shift in population size between different groups. The idea that only large populations are in the fossil record.
 Gradualism
 Punctuated Equilibrium
 Natural Selection
 Reduced Species

33.  Traits that are evolved from the same common ancestor.
 Homologous
 Analogous
 Homoplasy
 Convergent Evolution

34.  Similar looking traits that evolved independently and were NOT derived from a common ancestor.
 Homologous
 Analogous
 Synapomorphy
 All of the Above

35.  The dorsal fin of the dolphin and of the shark is a good example of a __________ trait.
 Homologous
 Analogous
 Metamorphic
 None of the above

36.  Homoplasy is due to _________.
 Allopatric Speciation
 Sympatric Speciation
 Systematics
 Convergent Evolution

37.  Classification in the Linnaean Hierarchical system ALWAYS reflects evolutionary history.
 True
 False

38.  An ancestral characteristic. Lineages not included in the group of interest also possess this homologous characteristic.
 Anagenesis
 Synapomorphy
 Plesiomorphy
 Autopomorphy

39.  In constructing a phylogeny, this serves as a reference to help determine the evolutionary relationships among the group of interest.
 Ingroup
 Outgroup
 Clade
 Ultrametric

40.  A group consisting of an ancestor and ALL of its descendents. A Clade.
 Monophyletic
 Paraphyletic
 Polyphyletic
 Parsimony

41.  Group consisting of a single ancestor and MOST of its descendents.
 Monophyletic
 Paraphyletic
 Polyphyletic
 Plesiomorphy

42.  Group consisting of multiple ancestors. A term such as "marine mammal" would apply.
 Monophyletic
 Paraphyletic
 Polyphyletic
 Plesiomorphy

43.  Occam's Razor is applied to ________.
 Radiometric Fossils
 Adaptive Radiation
 Plesiomorphy
 Parsimony

44.  Branch length indicates TIME since divergence in this type of Phylogentic tree.
 Cladogram
 Phylogram
 Ultrametric
 Outgroup

45.  In this Phylogenetic tree, branch length indicates the NUMBER of DIFFERENCES.
 Cladogram
 Phylogram
 Ultrametric
 Plesiomorphy

46.  _________ traits create misleading phylogenies.
 Homologous
 Homoplasious
 Metamorphic
 None of the above

47.  A phylogenetic tree building rule that states the phylogeny with the least number of evolutionary changes is the correct phylogeny.
 Plesiomorphy
 Parsimony
 Metamorphic
 Gradualism

48.  A type of phylogenetic tree where branch length is arbitrary.
 Cladogram
 Phylogram
 Ultrametric
 Morphology

49.  The technique used to relate the mutational differences between lineages to their absolute time since divergence. Allows you to construct an ultrametric tree.
 Anagenesis
 Punctuated Equilibrium
 Systematics
 Molecular Clock

50.  Reproductive Isolation often leads to __________.
 Natural Selectiion
 Biodiversity
 Endosymbiosis
 Plesiomorphy


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